He was the writer of a number of books, together with one about his experiences as an government for John Z. DeLorean, a charismatic automobile designer who launched a once-revolutionary automotive firm, solely to be disgraced amid a far-reaching scandal.
Mr. Haddad, a ubiquitous and stressed determine who was a buddy of the Kennedy household, was as soon as married to a granddaughter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and managed the victorious 1982 marketing campaign of Democratic New York Gov. Mario M. Cuomo, died April 30 at his dwelling in Poughquag, N.Y. He was 91.
The trigger was congestive coronary heart failure, unrelated to the coronavirus, mentioned his daughter Lulie Haddad.
Mr. Haddad had so many high-profile jobs in wildly divergent fields that he was generally likened to Zelig, the title character of a 1983 Woody Allen mock-documentary about a chameleon-like man who was present at many momentous historical events.
Mr. Haddad first gained attention in the 1950s, when he was on the staff of reform-minded Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.). At the 1956 Democratic National Convention, he helped secure Kefauver’s nomination as Adlai Stevenson’s vice presidential running mate, beating out John F. Kennedy.
A year later, Mr. Haddad was working as a reporter at the New York Post, where he led efforts to expose corruption in the city’s housing program. He was among the first reporters to chip away at the formidable edifice of power surrounding Robert Moses, New York’s unelected and unchallenged master of parks, highways, urban renewal and major building projects.
Along with other reporters, Mr. Haddad found a web of connections that linked Moses to paybacks, financial corruption and organized crime, eventually leading to Moses’s downfall after more than 40 years as the city’s most powerful political figure.
“Haddad led the pack, for he had the gift of seeing patterns, and he saw them in the seemingly innocuous material — minutes, memos, letters, notes,” journalist and historian Robert A. Caro wrote in his classic 1974 study of Moses, “The Power Broker.” In 1959, Mr. Haddad won a George Polk Award, one of journalism’s highest honors.
Two years later, he took a leave of absence to become a top assistant to R. Sargent Shriver, who was Kennedy’s brother-in-law and the founding director of the Peace Corps. Mr. Haddad served as affiliate director of the Peace Corps and as its first inspector common.
By no means one to remain in as soon as place for lengthy, he moved again to New York in 1963 to work on the New York Herald Tribune, a newspaper whose writer was John Hay “Jock” Whitney. Whitney’s stepdaughter, Kate Roosevelt — FDR’s granddaughter — was Mr. Haddad’s first spouse.
In 1964, with the blessing of Robert F. Kennedy, Mr. Haddad ran for the U.S. Home of Representatives, looking for to unseat Leonard Farbstein in a district representing Manhattan’s Higher West Aspect. In a mudslinging major battle, fliers have been distributed to voters within the closely Jewish district.
“Don’t overlook Haddad is an Arab,” a few of them mentioned. “He’s attempting to make Jews of this district suppose he’s Jewish or a buddy of the Jews. Are you able to belief an Arab to struggle for the pursuits of Jews and for Israel?”
Mr. Haddad, who was in truth Jewish, misplaced the first election and by no means ran for workplace once more. He returned to Washington, working as inspector common of the Workplace of Financial Alternative from 1964 to 1966.
He later led a business-development enterprise in New York, then moved again into politics and journalism. He suggested Robert Kennedy’s 1968 presidential marketing campaign and, later that 12 months, founding a weekly newspaper, the Manhattan Tribune, overlaying the Higher West Aspect and Harlem. His co-publisher, Roy Innis, was nationwide director of the Congress of Racial Equality.
“We’re going to attempt to bridge the hole between the pissed off, indignant black group and the frightened white group,” Mr. Haddad mentioned on the time. “Roy, for instance, thinks I’m a comfortable, fuzzy white liberal and we disagree 80 p.c of the time, however we now have to reside collectively on this little interior metropolis, and the one resolution lies in an sincere and uninhibited dialogue.”
The paper folded in 1972.
All through the 1970s, Mr. Haddad bounced from one submit to a different: He taught at Sarah Lawrence Faculty in Bronxville, N.Y., chaired a state panel on schooling and directed the New York State Meeting’s workplace of legislative oversight and evaluation, the place he investigated corruption in banking. He even returned to the New York Submit for some time.
In 1979, he joined a brand new enterprise led by DeLorean, a onetime Normal Motors engineer who within the 1960s had spearheaded the event of the Pontiac GTO. DeLorean left GM to launch a brand new firm, producing a strikingly designed sports car produced from stainless-steel at a brand new manufacturing unit in Northern Eire.
About 9,000 vehicles have been produced, and DeLorean was seen as an automotive wizard who was turning the tables on the standard Detroit automakers. Mr. Haddad was DeLorean’s advertising director, however the two had an acrimonious parting in 1981 after Mr. Haddad found proof of DeLorean’s monetary mismanagement.
The corporate went bankrupt, the manufacturing unit was idled and DeLorean was arrested in 1982, charged with plotting to promote $24 million price of cocaine to finance his failing enterprise. He was acquitted of that cost and in a number of different trials for fraud.
In a 1985 e book about his experiences with DeLorean, “Arduous Driving,” Mr. Haddad mentioned DeLorean deceived him and diverted at the very least $17 million from the corporate for his personal use. DeLorean accused of Mr. Haddad of being a spy for the British authorities, attempting to undermine the auto firm.
“He sheds personalities as a snake sheds its pores and skin,” Mr. Haddad wrote. “John by no means had supposed to construct an moral automobile firm. It was a rip-off from starting to finish.”
William Frederick Haddad was born July 25, 1928, in Charlotte. His father was born in Cairo, his mom in present-day Ukraine. After their divorce, Mr. Haddad moved to Miami Seaside, Fla., along with his father, a restaurant proprietor and businessman.
At 16, Mr. Haddad joined the Service provider Marine — including a 12 months to his age on his official papers — and served aboard cargo ships within the Pacific throughout World Conflict II. He stayed within the Service provider Marine for a number of years and finally obtained into politics by managing a fellow seaman’s political marketing campaign in California.
Financing his schooling along with his oceangoing expeditions, Mr. Haddad graduated from what was then St. Petersburg Junior Faculty in Florida earlier than receiving a bachelor’s diploma in 1954 from Columbia College. He joined Kefauver’s workers that 12 months.
After managing Cuomo’s marketing campaign in 1982, Mr. Haddad devoted a lot of the remainder of his profession to an curiosity impressed by Kefauver: lowering the costs of prescribed drugs. Within the 1980s, he grew to become the chief government of a Connecticut firm that produced generic pharmaceutical medication and was additionally chairman of the Generic Pharmaceutical Trade Affiliation.
Mr. Haddad was instrumental in serving to Congress cross the Drug Value Competitors and Patent Time period Restoration Act of 1984, generally referred to as the Hatch-Waxman Act, which streamlined the method for securing federal approval of generic medication. Starting within the 1990s, Mr. Haddad labored on efforts to broaden the distribution of generic medication all through Africa and different underserved elements of the world.
His marriages to Kate Roosevelt and Noreen Walsh resulted in divorce.
Survivors embody three daughters from his first marriage, Laura Whitney-Thomas, Andrea Haddad and Lulie Haddad; two kids from his second marriage, Amanda Reina and Robert Haddad; a stepson, Steve Walsh; 13 grandchildren; and two great-grandsons.
Mr. Haddad, additionally the co-author or editor of books on poverty and on joint custody after divorce, all the time considered himself as a journalist combating towards injustice.
In “The Energy Dealer,” Caro requested Mr. Haddad what saved him and different reporters on the path of Moses, who exerted nearly absolute management over New York’s levers of energy for many years.
“Our motives?” Mr. Haddad mentioned. “It was us towards the world, us towards them — town, corruption, unmovable forces. We have been younger sufficient to breathe that sort of air then.”