Donald Trump promised on Twitter this week that “the US of America can be designating ANTIFA as a Terrorist Group”.
However, maybe extra importantly, consultants additionally say that there isn’t any precise antifa group for Trump to outline on this manner. Put merely: antifa does not likely exist as a definite entity.
Then what’s antifa?
Antifa is a helpful umbrella time period that denotes a broad spectrum of teams and people of far-left or anarchist tendencies. The time period itself means merely anti-fascist.
Mark Bray, a historian and the creator of Antifa: The Antifascist Handbook, stated in a phone dialog that antifa is a free motion of “decentralized revolutionary self protection” against the far proper.
However some folks consider in it?
Antifa conspiracy theories are widespread amongst rightwing politicians, media and activists. Bray stated: “The correct describes antifa as a unitary group with leaders and even secret funding” although that’s merely not true.
An antisemitic conspiracy principle that the billionaire financier George Soros funds antifa additionally has widespread foreign money on the proper, together with amongst influential Trump-world figures.
Though the president and his allies want to conflate giant protests in each metropolis with radical anti-fascist teams, Bray says they “drastically overstate the numbers and affect” of dedicated Antifa activists.
However there’s a historical past right here?
The antifa motion traces its heritage to radical left teams that resisted dictators equivalent to Mussolini and Hitler in Europe within the 1930s. In Germany, the communist-aligned Antifaschistische Aktion fought road battles with Hitler’s followers till it was forcibly disbanded in 1933.
This custom was revived in Europe in the course of the 1980s and 1990s, with the rise of nazi skinheads and different far proper teams. It arrived within the US within the late 1980s, with the creation of Anti Racist Motion (ARA) in Minneapolis.
So who’re some antifa teams?
The motion – which can be strongly related to anarchist politics – isn’t outlined by lasting establishments. ARA now not exists and the oldest identifiable group within the US might be Portland’s Rose Metropolis Antifa, which dates from 2007.
Up to date antifa teams have a particular repertoire of ways starting from publicly figuring out members of far-right teams, to bodily resisting them within the streets. Typically, in road protests, activists gown in “black bloc” apparel together with balaclavas or masks to hide their id.
Is antifa violent?
Typically, antifa road demonstrations contain violence: between activists and police, or members of far-right teams, or each.
Probably the most controversial latest episodes have concerned violent confrontations with rightwing social media personalities and typically, with journalists and photographers who activists consider will compromise their anonymity.
Bray says that antifa’s actions on this respect “are nothing just like the violence police have visited on journalists” in latest days as dozens of reporters have been overwhelmed, teargassed, shot and arrested by police protecting the Black Lives Matter protests.
— to www.theguardian.com